India’s National Parks are world-famous and are visited by tourists from many countries. The first national park of India, Jim Corbett national park was established in the year 1936 and is located in Uttarakhand itself. Apart from that, Rajaji is another national park in the state that has also gained popularity among nature and wildlife enthusiasts.
RAJAJI NATIONAL PARK – An Introduction
Spread over an area of 820.42 sq km, Rajaji is a spectacular rich bio-diversity national park representing distinct flora and fauna that lies in the Shivalik range of Indo-Gangetic plains. Inaugurated in the year 1983, the diverse range of Rajaji National Park was formed by combining Rajaji Sanctuary and National Park (estd. 1948), Chilla sanctuary (estd. 1977), and Motichur sanctuary (estd. 1964).
It is a tiger reserve and is the only national park, which lies over three major districts of Uttarakhand, viz., Dehradun, Pauri Garhwal, and Haridwar. Rajaji National Park has over 250 leopards, 16 tigers, and 600 elephants. It is the second tiger reserve after Jim Corbett and is a perfect place for wildlife and bird safari.
Located in the valley of the mighty Himalayas, the National Park is famous for its calmness and scenic beauty. Nature and animal lovers from all parts of the world visit here every year in a large number. The park contains a diverse range of elephants, leopards, tigers, Ghorals, deers, birds, and flora.
Wildlife Safari at Rajaji National Park
Mostly, the Safari at Rajaji National Park starts from Chilla that serves as a gateway to the wildlife safari of the national park. Chilla lies between the cities of Haridwar and Rishikesh, and from here, one can book a jeep for the memorable wildlife safari inside the Rajaji National Park. The biological diversity of the Chilla National Park attracts many wildlife lovers, photographers, and nature lovers. The tiger reserve here is visited by many Indian and foreign tourists throughout the year. It takes around 2 to 3 hours for the safari, where tourists explore the lush green belt of the National Park. During the wildlife safari, the following activities are the major part of the attraction here at Rajaji National Park.
Jungle Safari at Rajaji National Park is famous for spotting various animals such as Asian Elephants, Bengal Tigers, Himalayan Black Bears, Deer, Sambhar, Leopard, Ghoral, Jackal, King Cobra, and many more.
One can sight more than 300 species of residential and migrated birds at Rajaji National Park, including pied kingfisher, pheasants, sunbird, great pied hornbill, barbets, and many more.
Experience the biological diversity during the Jungle Safari at Rajaji National Park
The wildlife safari at Rajaji National Park offers an unforgettable experience to adventure enthusiasts. There is a story on every track and trail, while you are on the safari. The various mentioned features attract nature lovers to plan a jungle safari inside the Rajaji National Park.
Rajaji National Park is a perfect hotspot for bird watching. One can spot more than 400 species of birds including resident, migratory, and passage birds. Because of its location in the Eco tonal zone, a vast number of inhabitants and bird diversity can be found at Rajaji National Park.
Wildlife Fauna at Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park renders a tremendous opportunity for wildlife and nature lovers to enjoy the calmness of the jungle with the free-moving animals all around. The national park is the habitat for Asian Elephants, Barking deer, Wild Boar, Cheetal, Sambhar, Goral, Nilgai, and tiger as well.
At Rajaji National Park, 312 bird’s species are recorded, out of which 87 are migrants, 151 are residents, 7 are local migrants, and 49 are altitudinal migrants. However, the listing of 18 species is still in progress. The national park is home to a variety of forest birds, as it contains 5 barbets species, 3 hornbills’ species, and 11 species of woodpeckers. It also comprises the near-threatened Great Pied Hornbill. Rajaji National Park according to the Birdlife International (undated) classification of biomes, occurs in Sino – the Himalayan Subtropical Forest (Biome-8). Around 112 species were identified in Biome 7 recorded in winter. The water bodies in the belt of Rajaji National Park are the points that attract various species of resident and migratory birds. 13 species of birds including Painted Stork Mycteria Leucocephala, Darter Anhinga melanogaster, Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda), Black – Necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus, Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca, etc., have been identified in Rajaji National Park belt.
Flora in Rajaji National Park
Scrubland, pine forests, Broadleaved deciduous forests, grasslands, and riverine vegetation are the major floral distribution of the National Park. It also contains Arjun ( Terminalia arjuna ), Sal ( Shorea robusta), Chamaror (Ehretia laevis), Khair ( Acacia catechu), Palash ( Butea monosperma), Baans ( Dendrocalamus strictus), Bel (Aegle Marmelos), Kachnar (Bauhienia variegata), Semul ( Bombax ceiba), Chilla (Casearia tomentosa), Shisham ( Dalbergia sissoo), Rohini (Malollotus philippinensis), Sandan (Ougeinia Oojeinensis), Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana), Amaltas (Cassia fistula), Aonla (Emblica officinalis), and many more.
Butterflies & Insects at Rajaji National Park
One can quest for the diverse range of butterflies and insects within the boundaries of Rajaji National Park. This will eventually help in making your wildlife photography session and exploration, a mesmerizing one.